For recording shortfalls in their financial report for 2019 Q1, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) may sanction no less than seven top Nigerian banks, should they fail to comply with its new lending policy.
The banks that may incur the wrath of the apex bank include Guaranty Trust Bank, Zenith Bank, First Bank of Nigeria (FBN), Ecobank Transnational Incorporated, Stanbic IBTC Holdings, Union Bank of Nigeria Plc, and United Bank for Africa Plc (UBA).
The financial reports of the affected banks for 2019 Q1, shows that they recorded 51.6% Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR), which represents 8.4% shortfall of the LDR target.
The banks’ deposit also stood at N20.12 trillion during the period under review, as they disbursed N10.4 trillion loans to their customers. Under the new policy, they would be required to disburse N12.1 trillion loans.
Going by the letters of the new policy that will be implemented in about two months’ time, the seven banks would have no choice than to increase their loan position with as much as N1.7 trillion, which represents the LDR shortfall recorded as at end of March 2019.
Should they fail to create a window for the outflow of the credit facilities as at the given period, the CBN may enforce a sanction of locking up half of the amount, which is about N844 billion.
Before now, the apex bank had stated that its directive for DMBs to lend out a minimum of 60% of their deposits to the country’s real sector, will take effect from Monday, September 30, 2019.
LDR is an instrument deployed to assess a bank’s liquidity by comparing its total loans to its total deposits for the same period. In this process, if the ration appears too high, it means that the bank may not have enough liquidity to cover any unforeseen fund requirements, especially if the loan repayments fall short of schedule. Conversely, if the ratio is too low, the bank may not be earning as much as it can from the deposits it had taken at a cost.

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